Area: 110,993.6 km 2 (102nd in the world), of which 0.3% water
Time zone: UTC +2
Population: 7,262,675 (88th in the world, 2008)
Population density: 65.43 inhabitants. / km 2 (123rd place in the world)
Religion: Bulgarian Orthodox 85%, Muslims 13%
Highest point: Musala peak (2,925 m above sea level)
Capital: Sofia (1,402,417 inhabitants)
Climate: Temperate continental climate, the Black Sea coast and the Maritsa River form the transition to the Mediterranean climate, average temperatures in January – 2 to + 2 ° C, in July 21 to 24 ° C, average annual rainfall from 450 mm (Dobrudja) to 1250 mm Mountain tops) .
Flora: One third of the territory is covered with forests (pine, Romanian pine, spruce, fir, elm, oak, beech, hornbeam, elm, ash, linden, hazel) Over 3000 Central European, Mediterranean and steppe plant species, boxwood, cypress in Black Sea, alpine mountains roses, edelweiss. Mammals: bear, wolf, fox, badger, wild cat, wild boar, lynx, jackal, rodent mice, deer, roe deer, chamois, bat. Birds: e.g. owl, vulture, pelican, partridge, pheasant, red grass, etc.
Public holidays and important days
Stable public holidays:
01.01 – New Year.
03.03 – Liberation from Ottoman rule (1878).
01.05 – Labor Day.
06.05 – St. George’s Day, Day of Courage and the Bulgarian Army.
24.05 – St. St. Cyril and Methodius, Day of Slavic Culture and Education.
06.09 – Day of the Unification of Eastern Rumelia with the Bulgarian Principality (1885).
22.09 – Independence Day (1908).
01.11 – Day of the People’s Awakeners.
25.12 – Christmas.
Mobile holidays – Easter:
April 23 – Good Friday,
April 24 – Easter
April 25 – Holy Monday
* Information from 2006
It is important when traveling to Bulgaria
Visa – login mode
Visa-free travel within 3 months and only for non-profit trips. If a foreigner wants to stay in Bulgaria for purposes other than tourism (eg work, study, business) or the period of stay exceeds 3 months, it is necessary to apply for a visa at the Bulgarian embassy. From 1 January 2006, upon entering the BR, the foreigner at the border checkpoint must declare his / her destination and address of residence and fill in the registration card there. This measure does not apply to foreigners who only transit through the territory of Bulgaria and leave the country within 24 hours. As of 13 January 2006, EU and EEA citizens do not fill in registration cards at border crossings when entering the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria. The obligation to register all foreigners according to the provisions of the Law on Foreigners in the Republic of Bulgaria (registration of the place of stay up to 5 days, for which the landlord is responsible) continues to apply. At the border checkpoint, the foreigner will receive a stamp in the travel document. According to the Law on Foreigners in the Republic of Bulgaria is punishable by a large fine or residence in the Republic of Bulgaria is prohibited for a certain period of time for a foreigner who remained in the country after the expiration of the permitted period of residence.
Travel to Bulgaria with a valid passport or ID card. Drivers of motor vehicles must have a driver’s license, technical license, the so-called green card. In the case of a rented or official car, the driver must have a certified power of attorney from the owner of the vehicle (with a translation into Bulgarian or world language, preferably English). If the driver does not present a power of attorney, the vehicle must not be allowed on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria.